What Are The Effects Of Global Warming On Humans – Although we are aware of the various effects of global warming on the Earth, we seem to tend to downplay its importance. These include melting glaciers, climate change, mass extinctions, etc. If you believe the scientists from the US Geological Survey (USGS), the famous Glacier National Park in the USA will remain without glaciers by 2030!
Over the past 60 years, Alaska has warmed twice as fast as the rest of the United States. Source: National Climate Assessment Report 2014
What Are The Effects Of Global Warming On Humans
The threat of global warming has increased manifold over the years and unfortunately the situation continues to worsen as developed and developing countries struggle to reduce emissions. There is no doubt that global warming is a serious problem; Especially since its impact on one component of the Earth leads to a number of bad effects on other similar components. For example, the melting of polar ice caps raises sea levels, which in turn submerges low-lying areas around the world.
Effects Of Global Warming: Is Climate Change Real?
Basically, global warming is an increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere, which is mainly caused by an increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases are mainly produced by human activities (human activities). This does not mean that its natural sources do not exist, but its effects are not as severe as those from human sources.
People, animals, plants, climate, land… and global warming will affect it. In fact, some species of plants and animals are already on the verge of extinction. Studies show that approximately 15 to 37 percent of plant and animal species will be wiped off the planet by 2050. If you look closely, you’ll notice that changes in climate patterns are already becoming apparent, with glaciers melting and sea levels falling. rises… In short, we are already on the highway to hell.
As we said, the planet is getting warmer every day, and the fact that the changes are happening gradually does not mean that we can ignore them. In fact, the entire planet is threatened by the dangers of global warming and, as a consequence, climate change.
A large number of animal species are disappearing from the planet as a result of habitat loss caused by global warming. In fact, there are fears that sooner or later it could lead to mass extinction, with a third of species disappearing by 2050.
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These were just some of the animals threatened by global warming. The rather long list includes caribou, frogs, butterflies, hibernating animals such as bears and squirrels, migratory birds and many species of fish.
Because of the sudden changes in temperature, many plants had difficulty adapting to the places where they flourished. The vegetation period of some plant species also changed, which, in turn, disrupted the reproductive cycle of species and dealt a severe blow to the plant population.
Even changes in rainfall patterns can have a negative impact on various plant species. In fact, the effects of global warming on agriculture best illustrate this. Everything will only get worse. Frequent rains lead to floods, while less frequent rains cause drought. In both cases, this leads to the destruction of agricultural fields. Even hurricanes, which are known to increase due to global warming, can have devastating effects on vegetation.
In addition, the negative impact on plants leads to the disappearance of animals, directly or indirectly. For example, the disappearance of tigers increases the number of herbivores, and their overfeeding weakens the forest canopy. Similarly, the disappearance of birds affects the pollination process and complicates the reproduction of plants. Due to all these factors, many plant species are expected to disappear by the end of this century.
Climate Change Effects And Humans Future
High temperature also negatively affects the weather. Even small changes in global temperature trigger a series of extreme weather events and change the climate. During this period, the number of natural disasters increased. The number of Category 4 and 5 storms has increased over the past three decades. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recognizes that the frequency of heavy rainfall has increased over the past 50 years.
If warming oceans due to global warming cause hurricanes, rising temperatures on land cause powerful heat waves. Rising temperatures accelerate water evaporation and lead to droughts in one part of the world and heavy rains and floods in another part of the world. While we cannot draw conclusions about the extreme effects of this weather phenomenon based on one drought or one devastating hurricane, a recent trend speaks volumes about these natural phenomena.
One of the most dangerous effects of global warming on the planet is the melting of the planet’s permanent, permanent ice caps. There are several thousand glaciers in the world, and they are an important source of fresh water. Global Land Ice Measurement from Space (GLIMS) is one of several projects monitoring these glaciers. Their research showed that these glaciers are disappearing at an alarming rate. This is considered to be one of the most important factors influencing sea level rise.
Melting glaciers can cause flash floods in nearby areas. More importantly, the meltwater flows into the oceans, causing sea levels to rise, eventually submerging low-lying areas and small islands. It is estimated that half of the water that flows into the ocean as a result of melting glaciers comes from Alaska.
Global Warming Definition, Causes, Effects, Impacts, Solutions
Another major impact of this phenomenon on the planet is the rise in sea level, which threatens to encroach on the land. If the sea level rises, the result will be a trench with many low-lying areas, small islands and reclaimed areas. So how exactly does this affect sea level? Basic geography studies show that water expands when heated. In this case, the increase in global temperature causes the heating and expansion of water bodies.
Another important cause of sea level rise is the melting of glaciers and polar ice caps, which has been accelerated by global warming. These glacial deposits are much more massive than we can imagine. In fact, the melting of the West Antarctic ice sheet alone could cause sea levels to rise by a whopping 10 meters.
If this happens, islands like the Maldives and Tuvalu, as well as low-lying areas like Bangladesh and Florida in the US, will be under water. Important cities like Mumbai, Shanghai and Florida will also be vulnerable to a watery grave like the mythical city of Atlantis. In fact, the flooding of the Maldives is the best example of the devastation caused by rising sea levels.
The effects of global warming on coral reefs are so devastating that these reefs will be the first major ecosystem to be wiped off the planet. When seawater heats up, algae produce toxic oxygen compounds, superoxide, which harm coral reefs. As a defense mechanism, corals crowd out their algal hosts, causing the corals to become deprived of nutrients and turn white in what is known as bleaching.
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Global warming poses a serious threat to coral reefs, and if coral reefs are destroyed, a third of the planet’s marine diversity and other associated ecosystems will be affected.
If the entire planet is suffering from the effects of global warming, but even humans seem to be bearing the brunt of it. In fact, we are among the most affected because we depend on all the components of the environment we discussed above. Animals and plants are interconnected, so the disappearance of one or the other will put enormous pressure on dependent species, eventually leading to their extinction. Since we depend on both, we should be more concerned about this turn of events.
Unstable weather has a serious impact on many human activities. A warm summer increases the number of insects that spread allergies and diseases. Unnatural rains destroy crops and affect the agricultural sector. Rising temperatures cause the ocean surface to heat up, which in turn leads to more frequent hurricanes.
The destruction of coral reefs leads to the death of marine life, including fish, which form an important part of the diet. The disappearance of glaciers makes it difficult for millions of people to access water. Sea level rise changes the coastline and thus affects the tourism industry. Salty seawater flows into rivers, making river water unfit.
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Coastal areas around the world are densely populated, so sea level rise has a major impact on people living in coastal areas. According to glaciologists, if the glaciers continue to melt at the current rate, about 20 percent
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