What Are The Effects Of Climate – Wildfires ravaging California, Washington, and Oregon, and wildfire smoke affecting the air quality of states thousands of miles away, are the latest reminders of the effects of climate change on our health and well-being. .

As we grapple with the immediate and long-term effects of the current global health pandemic, it can be difficult to think about climate change with the same urgency. But if anything, the pandemic has shown that preparedness for a global health crisis can cause widespread death and bring the global economy to its knees in a matter of months. Climate change is directly affecting our health and wellbeing now and will only intensify in the future. The wildfires that devastated California, Washington state and Oregon are the latest reminder.

What Are The Effects Of Climate

What Are The Effects Of Climate

With the building and construction industry contributing to the world’s highest emissions each year, now is the time for international collaboration to work to tackle climate change and health.

Causes And Effects Of Climate Change

As part of our Earth Week 2020 programming, we moderated a virtual panel with researchers and policymakers on how climate change affects health in April at our New York office. Panelists included Laurian Farrell of Global Resilient Cities, Professor Taddeus Pawlowski of Columbia University’s Center for Resilient Cities and Landscapes, Manuela Powidayko of the New York City Department of Planning, Daphne Lundy of the New York City Mayor’s Office of Sustainability, and Professor Prathap. Ramamurthy of the City University of New York’s Urban Stream Observatory.

Here are insights from conversations about three impacts of global warming, including climate change, air pollution and extreme weather, as well as insights into how they affect health and how the role of the built environment can evolve to ensure a sustainable future.

Institutions and organizations such as the World Health Organization, the International Panel on Climate Change, and the Harvard School of Public Health have extensively researched and documented the intersection of climate change and public health.

According to these experts, climate change causes various shocks and stresses that adversely affect health. Examples include asthma caused by air pollution, mental health problems caused by poor living conditions, and cholera caused by poor water quality. As threats, risks and vulnerabilities increase, some solutions focus on mitigating negative impacts, while others focus on adapting to changing conditions.

Causes And Effects Of Climate Change Interactive Worksheet

Tadeus Pawlowski from Colombia, who discussed how to shape the future with the panel, defined resilience as “strengthening communities and ecosystems to survive and thrive in a world of crisis.” Today, nearly 100 cities collaborate through the Global Resilient Cities Network to identify climate risks, share resilience strategies, and implement adaptation efforts. Our Global Resilient Cities member Laurian Farrell said cities are at the forefront of the impacts of climate change, with 7 out of 10 people expected to live in cities by 2050.

Health is essential to survival and prosperity, and as design professionals we must understand the relationship between the built environment, climate change and health to enhance change and increase resilience.

Forest fires have increased significantly due to the increase in hotter and drier weather as a result of climate change. Six of the 10 largest wildfires in California have occurred since 2018, and five of those fires occurred this year. The many health effects associated with these fires include increased risk of death, respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

What Are The Effects Of Climate

While building design can help make structures and communities more resilient to dangerous levels of smoke and air quality, reducing emissions from the construction sector will help prevent greater risk. The Rocky Mountain Institute recommends eliminating the use of fossil fuels in the built environment as the only way to meet California’s carbon goals by 2045.

The Cascading Impacts Of Climate Change

In turn, the Urban Climate Challenge (GC3) was launched at the 2019 United Nations Climate Summit to make our design work carbon neutral by 2030 and to challenge the design industry as a whole. As designers, we can significantly reduce the amount of fuel needed to run buildings, make buildings fully electric or grid-ready, and advocate for a rapid transition to clean electricity.

According to AirNow, the September 17, 2020 air quality report highlights the impact of ongoing wildfires on air quality.

Emissions from buildings contribute to air pollution, and long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased risk of death from COVID-19. Construction activities not only contribute to emissions, but also add to the carbon footprint of building materials. For example, rubber produced from coal can contain up to six times more carbon than rubber produced by hydroelectric power in the Pacific Northwest.

Architects can reduce carbon emissions by retrofitting existing buildings, and when it comes to new construction, they can choose to use low carbon materials such as timber, design buildings that are structurally efficient to reduce the materials needed, and choose low carbon building products . added Architects can also advise industry partners and manufacturers to disclose the carbon content of their products.

Simple Facts Of Climate Change

The maps show (a) the 17-year long-term average level of PM2.5 concentration (2000-2016) in g/m3 in the United States and (b) the number of deaths from COVID-19. Millions of Populations in the United States, up to and including April 4, 2020 Xiao Wu and Rachel C. Nethery, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan Community School.

Annual PM2.5 concentrations per 100,000 people per 100,000 people and COVID-19 in the Netherlands (2015-19) in an article published in The Conversation.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) researchers have found that global warming will increase the intensity of rainfall and tropical cyclones, which include hurricanes and typhoons. Many tri-state residents remember the impact Hurricane Sandy had on greater New York City in 2012, including loss of life, environmental and property damage, and health care infrastructure, but the resulting long-term health effects. . Six months after flooding, two-thirds of flooded homes had debris, and associated mental health problems increased.

What Are The Effects Of Climate

In response, building and zoning codes were updated the following year to reduce the impact of storms on the built environment. These changes included reducing the types of spaces that are acceptable below the flood elevation (DFE) and flood resistant construction standards such as dry waterproofing and the location of mechanical equipment.

Human Health Impacts Of Climate Change

Manuela Powidayko, director of coastal sustainability zoning for the New York City Department of Planning, demonstrated in our panel what flood risk management means for urban density and emphasized the importance of adaptation and flexibility.

“If we really want to tackle environmental justice and good design and give everyone access to good housing and services, we need to change the way we think and plan about density, how we’ n designing subdivisions, and how we regulate buildings.” Powidaiko. “Instead of thinking about the amount of houses, you should think about density through the lens of affordability. If you have regulations that don’t set a maximum or plan for multiple buildings, and allow that. Building for more families over time, ” he said. you have to plan ahead.

A logic model of the potential health effects of coastal storms, according to the report, “Health Effects of Coastal Storms and Urban Flooding: A Review and Vulnerability Assessment,” published in the Journal of Environment and Public Health.

According to the International Panel on Climate Change, the health of vulnerable populations is at risk from the effects of climate change, especially those with the most vulnerable health protection systems. Therefore, it is important that architects and designers intentionally shape the built environment to improve climate justice through actions that can address historical and systemic inequalities and help improve air quality, reduce the impact of heat stress, and creating an inclusive and clean economy that promotes equity. . job opportunities.

Science Of Climate Change

During the conference, Daphne Lundy of the New York City Office of Resilience raised an important issue, saying, “To be in a place where we can really deal with climate risks, we need to address the stories of inequality. In every disaster we we’ve proven in the past, the people who do better are better off, and the people who don’t fight back, regardless of the threat.” It won’t change. But what can change is our ability to support vulnerable populations We are not on the sidelines when things happen.”

Father Pawlowski echoed this: “The scale of inequality that I have not been able to control all my life has now reached fever pitch and is no longer tolerable.”


What Are The Effects Of Climate

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