Natural Disasters In The Amazon Rainforest – From 1 May, BRINK Asia’s coverage will be integrated with BRINK, which will now include additional regional coverage on risk and sustainability issues.

On August 15, 2020, a fire broke out in the Amazon Rainforest Reserve in the state of Pará, Brazil. It will be a big step to expand the bioeconomy in the Amazon.

Natural Disasters In The Amazon Rainforest

Natural Disasters In The Amazon Rainforest

The dry season begins in the Amazon, which lasts until November, which increases fire activity. It is estimated that at least 9,000 square kilometers of forest have been lost in the Brazilian Amazon in the past 12 months, 34% more than a year ago.

Amazon Deforestation: Fires And Logging Made 2020 A Nightmare

Meg Symington is director of the Nature’s Amazon Program for the Worldwide Fund BRINK spoke to him and asked what the current situation was at the fire scene.

Symington: The fire started at the end of May. It’s the start of the dry season in the Brazilian Amazon, and they’re just getting stronger I looked at the last update that came out and it has doubled in the last few weeks Late August and early September are usually the peak burning season Rains will start again in October.

These fires are actually a late indicator of the deforestation that occurred months ago. The fires burning now are mostly areas that were cleared during the rainy season earlier in May. Collectors leave the bare earth dry, and during the dry season they set fire to clean it

Symington: Agricultural products are the largest sector of the Brazilian economy in terms of exports And agriculture is behind what’s happening in the Amazon The agricultural frontier is moving northward from traditional agricultural lands such as the Cerrado and Rabnica regions, which spread across the country.

Amazon Fires: 8 Ways You Can Help Stop The Rainforest Burning

Cattle and soybeans are the main causes of deforestation Brazil is now the world’s number one exporter of soybeans Orange juice, coffee and sugar are also major exports To export soybeans, Brazil expanded the road system in the Amazon to transport soybeans to ports on the Amazon River. This road system increased the pressure for land speculation and more ranch expansion

Plantation will help maintain the hydrological balance of the Amazon while providing jobs needed for economic recovery after COVID.

This has had some impact on the US-China trade dispute. Trade tensions with the U.S. have led to a decline in U.S. soybean exports to China. As a result, Brazilian soybean exports to China have increased significantly since 2017.

Natural Disasters In The Amazon Rainforest

Symington: Administration is most sensitive to economic pressure Brazil’s economy took some hits even before COVID and they are focusing on recovery In late June, the global investment firm, which represents about $3.7 trillion in assets, sent a letter to Brazilian embassies saying they are very concerned about the environmental situation and want to discuss what Brazil is doing about it.

Amazon Rainforest Hurtling Toward ‘tipping Point’

In July, the heads of several Brazilian financial companies followed suit and called on the administration to take concrete steps to stop deforestation. I think they are worried about the market

Will international pressure succeed? It’s working a little bit, but I think there’s also a lot of show business going on, trying to show international investors and international markets that the government cares, like reconstituting the Amazon Council and sending military brigades to observe the fire fronts. But that is like closing the barn door after leaving the cow

Symington: There will be a massive effort to expand the bioeconomy in the Amazon, which means economic options beyond just soy and cattle. It is also possible to increase the intensity of production of this crop on the land where it is already grown For example, cattle farms in Brazil are currently yielding very low yields Livestock intensification can help the Amazon meet increased demand without putting too much risk

Sustainable aquaculture of native Amazonian fish is another promising economic alternative Reforestation of previously degraded and cleared land in the southern and eastern Amazon will contribute to maintaining the hydrological balance of the Amazon, while providing the jobs needed for economic recovery after COVID. We need to build a strong pipeline of projects like this with environmental, economic and social benefits to attract green, investment capital.

Brazil: Amazon Fires: Why Are They Damaging And How Do We Stop Them?

Meg Symington is the senior director of Amazon’s Worldwide Fund for Nature in the US. Forest team. He began his career studying tropical ecology and primate behavior and has more than 30 years of experience working in the Amazon. Biodiversity is highly sensitive to changes in forest management and political practices

Ring of Fire: Smoke rises from the edge of the forest in the Amazon region Plants and animals in rainforests have largely evolved without fire, so they lack the necessary adaptations to deal with it.

The new study, written by researchers at the University of Arizona and published in the September 1 issue of the journal Nature, provides the first quantitative assessment of the environmental policies of plantations and how deforestation and drought have affected plant and animal diversity. In the Amazon

Natural Disasters In The Amazon Rainforest

The researchers used records of more than 14,500 species of plants and vertebrates to create a biodiversity map of the Amazon region. Combining the maps with historical and current observations of wildfires and deforestation over the past two decades allowed the team to infer the impact on species in the region.

Amazon Fires Produce 220 Degree Scorched Earth, Dense Smoke In New Nasa Images

They found that fires have affected between 40,000 and 73,400 square miles of the Amazon forest since 2001, affecting 95% of all Amazonian species and 85% of the species listed as threatened in the region. Although forest management policies in Brazil slowed the pace of habitat loss in the mid-2000s, the relaxed implementation of those policies, coinciding with a change in government in 2019, appears to be reversing the trend, the authors write. With fires burning between 1,640 and 4,000 square miles of forest, it was the worst year for impacts on biodiversity since 2009, when deforestation laws were enacted.

“We show how policy has a direct and widespread impact on the rate at which biodiversity is affected in the Amazon,” said senior study author Brian Enquist, a professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Arizona. He added that these findings are particularly important given that Amazon has not had a break in its growing influence, which would have allowed for some recovery.

“With regulation, which you can think of as a brake that slows the rate of deforestation, it’s like a car that keeps going at a slower speed,” Enquist said. “But in 2019, just as it left the foot brake, it accelerated again.”

“Remote-sensing-based estimates of burned areas and deforestation have already been made, but we don’t have detailed information on how they affect species diversity in the region,” said Xiao Feng, the study’s first author. While a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Arizona, this work also serves as an assistant professor at Florida State University. It was a massive data collection and an unprecedented computational effort involving biodiversity data, and it allowed us to visualize these interconnections.

Amazon Rainforest Fire Started By Humans, Environmentalists Say

A fire licks a tree as it spreads through the forest Since most fires in the Amazon are intentionally set by humans, preventing them is largely controlled by regulatory management practices, the study authors noted.

Primarily known for its dense rainforest, the Amazon Basin supports approximately 40% of the remaining tropical forests on Earth. It is globally important as a provider of ecosystem services such as cleaning and storing carbon in the atmosphere and plays a major role in regulating the Earth’s climate. This area is a huge repository of the planet’s biodiversity, providing habitat for one out of every 10 known species on Earth. It is estimated that 1,000 species of trees can live in an area of ​​less than half a square mile in the Amazon.

This is important given that biodiversity goes hand in hand with ecosystem functioning, Enquist said, adding that species with small ranges are most vulnerable. “Species can become extinct even before they lose their entire habitat,” he said.

Natural Disasters In The Amazon Rainforest

“Fire is not part of the natural cycle of forests,” said study co-author Crystal N. “Native species lack adaptations to cope with this, compared to temperate forest communities. Frequent burning can cause extensive changes in species composition with ecosystem-wide consequences.”

Exclusive: Amazon Indigenous Chief Raoni Warns Of Disaster If Deforestation Not Stopped

Amazon has lost about 20 percent since the 1960s

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