How Does Immigration Affect The Economy – One of the biggest political arguments against immigration is that it hurts American-born workers and takes a toll on the American economy. But in New England, where the population is aging rapidly and young workers are needed as they leave the workforce, immigration may be the answer.

We talk to experts about how immigration affects the local and national economy through data, statistics and the human stories behind them. We speak with Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, professor of economics at Yale University, Shannon Dooling, reporter for WBUR, and Will Kneerim, director of the Office of Service and Education at IRIS. You can listen to a sample of the panel discussion below:

How Does Immigration Affect The Economy

How Does Immigration Affect The Economy

These are excerpts from the panel and do not reflect the full statements or thoughts of the participants. These excerpts have been published for clarity.

Most Americans Say Immigrants Mainly Fill Jobs Us Citizens Don’t Want

John Dankosky:  The feeling is that if people come from elsewhere, that naturally has a negative impact on the availability of Native American jobs. Talk a little about the research you did and what you saw in it.

Mushfiq Mobarak: It turns out that if you look closely at the data, the story is not so simple. There is a segment of the population [that will be harmed by immigration] in the American economy, and that is the future generation of immigrants.

There are jobs, there are wages, and it has an overall impact on the American economy that is abstract in many ways. I’m wondering, if you’re talking about the economy in general, what do you see the impact of the frequent immigrants coming over the last two decades?

One of the mistakes we make when people think about the negative effects of immigration is that if you think there’s a certain number in the American economy, and when an immigrant comes into one of those businesses, then you see the negative effects. . But this way of thinking about the world is strange and crude. […] One way to think about how jobs change is that if there are immigrant workers who reduce the cost of doing business, it actually creates an opportunity for entrepreneurs to hire Americans against their clientele.

Migration And Trade

I want to get into the idea of ​​immigration rates and numbers in general. If it is true that we in the U.S. we don’t have a magic number, maybe we need to reach some base that we set a goal for. Is there a way to calculate how much immigration in how many years will enter the economy in such a way that we can be sustainable and grow? What is the tipping point when too much immigration is too much?

The short answer is no. There is no magic formula. Whatever number we have, it’s probably not going to be credible. […] It depends on the elastics. In terms of the population of workers, how cheap is the business to operate, how many workers can be dispersed and employed, how many jobs will disappear because there are some limits to how many jobs can be created. How is it. but it goes on in a more complicated way. Because the effect of immigration is not only about job creation, but also about innovation. It turns out that immigrants are one of the biggest contributors to innovation in the United States. And innovation is an area we do really well. […] More than 50% of all engineering doctorates awarded in the United States over the past 20 years have been awarded to foreign scientists. Many of them stay, start new companies, open up new technologies. In the past, America has been able to attract talented people through immigration policies.

Data on immigration trends in New England show that most of the nation’s immigrants are located in southern states, and this group comes from all over the world. While in previous decades most immigrants were from Europe, in recent decades immigration has come from Asia and Latin America. Immigrants are overrepresented in the working-age population and in some of the nation’s largest industries. Also, immigrants from New England are more likely to be employed than the native population.

How Does Immigration Affect The Economy

New England is home to 1,859,602 immigrants, who make up 13 percent of the nation’s population. A much larger proportion of the population in the southern states of New England are foreigners than in the northern states.

The Immigrant Workforce Supports Millions Of Us Jobs

Immigrants were especially hard pressed in southern New England counties. Most counties in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont are less than 10 percent foreign-born, while Fairfield County, Connecticut, and Suffolk County, Massachusetts have 17 and 22 percent foreign-born, respectively. In New England, immigration affects the economy in a different way, bringing with it a rapidly aging working population.

A larger proportion of New England’s population was born into the working class than its general population. More than 1.5 million immigrants in New England are between the ages of 16 and 64, making up 16 percent of that age group.

Immigrants work in all industries throughout New England. In some of the nation’s largest industries, such as lodging and food services, manufacturing, and health care, immigrant workers make up a larger share of the labor force in these industries than their share of the total working population.

The new residents of England come from all parts of the world. In many cases, groups of immigrants from one region settled in clusters in neighboring New England counties. The foreign-born population makes up two-thirds of New England’s population in just 19 countries, with the majority born in Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Sharp Cuts In Immigration Threaten U.s. Economy And Innovation

Many New England immigrants entered the United States relatively recently. Nearly half of the country’s foreign-born population moved to the United States between 2000 and 2016, and many of these new Americans were born in Asia, Central America (including Mexico), or the Caribbean. In contrast, previous generations of immigrants came mostly from Europe. But when immigrants come to the country, it is not always easy to find a job.

Ayehu Lakew was one of the students in the “Working with Frail Elders” class at Jewish Vocations in Boston. She came to Boston on another visa and hopes to become a nurse.

But there are fields that are increasingly open to immigrant workers. An example is the healthcare industry. Ayehu Lakew came to Boston from Ethiopia on a different visa. After working in a bus lot, Lakew enrolled in a Jewish vocational course in Boston called “Working with the Frail Elderly.” She hopes to use this course to eventually become a nurse. Listen to this clip of Lakew talking about the race and his plans for the future:

How Does Immigration Affect The Economy

In this old country, immigrants are increasingly needed in the health sector. Northeastern public policy professor Barry Bluestone said, “In Massachusetts, we need to create 93,000 more domestic workers over the next 10 years, or almost 10,000 a year. Those workers are a lot of immigrants, and I’m afraid that if the current political environment is closed. immigration or states Look to the feds and say it’s not a very comfortable or safe place, I have no idea how we’re going to fill those 10,000 jobs every year.

Immigrants Get The Job Done In Hawaii

As of 2014, a quarter of home health workers in Massachusetts were foreign-born. The health care industry and immigrant workforce are expected to grow, especially in New England. In addition to working in existing industries, immigrants tend to train and start businesses and foster innovation.

Immigrants work in many fields that rely on us every day. Some graphics courtesy of DataHaven

Non-residents of New England are slightly more likely to exercise than New Englanders in the United States. Immigrants play a major role in industries such as agriculture and construction, and many own businesses in the general service sector such as childcare, salons and taxi services.

This type of immigration, the way immigrants strengthen the economy by creating businesses and innovations, is often overlooked. An example of local immigrant revitalization in a city is Lewiston, Maine. Between 2001 and 2011, more than 7,000 immigrants from Africa, commonly from Somalia, came to Lewiston, a city that previously had a population of 36,000 and was 96 percent white. The city began to experience economic revitalization due to this influx of immigrants. Amy Bass, author of the book

Most Americans See Immigration As A Good Thing, But Republicans Disagree

But what are the conditions when immigrants do not contribute to the economy? What happens when there is uncertainty in life? Shannon Dooling explored the story of a family of mixed status: some are just citizens, others are temporary residents.

Isidro Macario, 27, right, was brought here as a child from Guatemala to face deportation

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