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Over the past few years, we have seen that rising temperatures and extreme weather can have a significant impact on people’s health around the world.
Global Health Problems And Solutions
Almost every weather story is also a health story – whether it’s the rise in water-borne diseases due to floods in South Sudan, the heat causing premature births in Australia or the bread crisis facing Syrian families after another year. of conflict and poor harvest.
The Sustainable Development Goals (sdgs) And Global Health
More than four in 10 people live in areas that are “vulnerable” to climate change, according to a new report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Many people are already experiencing the health effects of climate change, and without immediate action this situation will get worse.
Global warming is a long-term increase in the average global temperature due to increased levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The emissions we burn (coal, oil, etc.) are the main reason for the increase in greenhouse gases.
This global warming ultimately warms the oceans, causing changes in the weather, climate, and intensity of weather and events, and in turn causes sea level rise. We call this climate change.
Climate and extreme weather events such as droughts, floods and heat waves are increasing in severity and frequency around the world.
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About three-thirds of heat-related deaths are already attributable to climate change, and the number of climate-related disasters has increased fivefold in the past 50 years, which killing more than two million people.
Heat-related diseases such as heatstroke, sunstroke and kidney disease are on the rise. There is a growing body of evidence showing the risks of heatstroke to maternal and infant health, mental health and non-communicable diseases such as asthma and diabetes.
If the global temperature rises by 2°C, one billion people will be at risk of heatstroke. Professor Jean Palutikof talks about his research on interventions that can help.
The health effects of these environmental hazards do not stop there. From the spread of diseases from floods and heat waves to the collapse of food systems from extreme weather, the effects of climate change will be felt everywhere and will hit the world’s most vulnerable communities the hardest.
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In many parts of the world, we are already seeing the effects of climate change on food and water systems.
Rising temperatures threaten water security by increasing evaporation, changing precipitation patterns and causing more snow. This could also lead to difficult conditions for many crops and livestock, as yields of staple crops such as corn, rice, wheat and soybeans (the world’s staple food) continue to decline. because of the temperature. .
Reduced food diversity, along with sudden food losses in food production and food availability, are associated with increased malnutrition in many communities. The warm weather also provides the perfect environment for food and waterborne diseases to thrive.
If temperatures rise by more than 2°C, regions that depend on glaciers and melting snow could see a 20% decrease in water for agriculture after 2050. In Asia alone, 800 million people depend on glaciers for get fresh water.
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This situation will only get worse as the world continues to warm, reversing the progress made over the years to address the food and water shortages that are still plaguing the world’s communities. poverty.
Climate change is changing the world’s waters. Read on to understand how this health impact is felt around the world.
Climate change is the main reason for the emergence of diseases in new regions of the world. The survival, reproduction, abundance, and distribution of pathogens, vectors, and hosts may be affected by changes associated with global warming.
Extreme weather can create favorable conditions for the spread of diseases such as cholera. And as temperatures rise around the world, diseases that were once confined to warmer regions are expanding their reach.
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Most emerging diseases occur in tropical regions, where the temperature is suitable for the survival of pathogens and vectors. Pathogenic bacteria pose a risk to human health. And now they are growing.
For example, climate change may allow mosquitoes and the diseases they carry (malaria, dengue fever, Zika, etc.) to spread to higher altitudes where they can survive, while increased rainfall helps produce breeding grounds. this. . This will increase the number of people in the world facing these deadly diseases.
Read more about how global warming creates opportunities for the spread of many diseases and threatens the health of millions of people.
Climate change and rising temperatures are associated with an increase in allergens and pollutants in the air we breathe. This can lead to many health risks.
Global Problems, Local Solutions
These effects on air quality are not uniform around the world. For example, drought-prone areas are more likely to experience poor air quality from forest fire smoke or dust from the ground, while cities may have air pollution from transportation and burning.
The effects of global warming will affect every aspect of society, from the food we eat and the cities we live in to our jobs, exercise and politics.
It has already happened. In 2020, 295 billion hours of potential work time were lost due to extreme heat and at least 7 million people were displaced due to environmental disasters.
The complex effects of these outcomes on physical and mental health are difficult to measure and are often associated with multiple risk factors. But as the world continues to warm, the dangers of rising sea levels and the dangers of direct and indirect climate change will become more apparent.
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Jane Bracher reflects on how floods and climate change have affected her daily life in the Philippines.
Many of these health problems are not new, but existing problems and inequalities that are exacerbated by climate change.
Most at risk are people and places that lack the capacity to adapt. This is especially true in low- and middle-income countries, where access to health care is already limited and the resources available to mitigate or adapt to risks are limited.
Cities will be particularly vulnerable because multiple hazards such as heat waves, air pollution and urban flooding often occur simultaneously, adding to the damage. About half of the world’s population lives in cities, but these health effects will be most concentrated among the poorest and most economically disadvantaged residents.
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For example, a recent report shows that Delhi is one of the cities facing the problem of climate change in the world. Communities are expected to experience extreme heat, heavy rainfall and urban flooding, while air pollution already kills one in five people in India.
Cities are one of the main causes of climate change. You too can be part of the solution.
We need to transition from using fossil fuels to clean and renewable energy, stop deforestation and restore habitats. The sooner we take action to reduce the impact of climate change, the better our future outcomes will be.
Even if we reduce emissions and meet the global goal of zero emissions by 2050, the latest IPCC report, published in March 2022, notes that many of the effects of global warming are now “irreversible.” These changes will continue to affect our environment for a long time. Adapting to ongoing climate change is therefore essential for future public health.
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Although the level of standardization has increased in recent years, progress has been uneven and slow. And most climate finance is now focused on the important task of reducing emissions. More political and financial support is needed to help the global community adapt to the negative impacts of climate change.
Working with communities most affected, we will support research and science-based solutions to address this urgent health problem.
We fund critical research into the impacts of climate change on human health at global, national, regional and global levels.
There are currently no public funding opportunities for nature and health. Find out more about the money we offer. First of all, on the day of “World Pharmacist Day 2020”, I would like to congratulate all the pharmacists in the world who have contributed to the health system as volunteers, especially during Corona. .
Improvement In Accessibility To Healthcare
The theme of this year’s festival is “Transforming Global Health”, which talks about how pharmacists and other health professionals are changing the world of health.
Transforming Global Health is changing the roles and responsibilities of existing health professionals with the goal of providing safe, effective, affordable and effective treatments and medicines for everyone around the world and achieving better global health. I have the vision to do it.
Use of traditional culture and beliefs
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