Different Kinds Of Headaches And Their Causes – Any pain in your head can be a real pain. But why does your head hurt only on one side, behind your eyes or in your neck?
Headaches are usually located in the front of the head and temples or on the side of the head. But the location of your headache can actually help determine the cause of that persistent, nagging pain.
Different Kinds Of Headaches And Their Causes
What the headache website wants to tell you and how to recognize this headache
Cluster Headache: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
According to the World Health Organization, one out of every 20 people in the world has a headache every day.
The key to knowing which type you have and how to treat it is to track your symptoms. A good place to start your detective work is to find the headache.
Migraine pain often feels like a deep pressure in your head, with a throbbing sensation on one side. You may also feel nauseous or sensitive to light and sound.
This infamous headache monster is a beast that can last for days. Women are three times more likely to suffer from migraines than men. Those with depression or anxiety disorders are also at increased risk.
Primary Versus Secondary Headaches
Is there bread in the oven? Headaches that start on one side of your head may be due to pregnancy. Estrogen levels rise during pregnancy and these hormonal changes can cause headaches and migraines.
If you start having headaches during pregnancy, make sure you see a doctor before you think it’s just a “pregnancy headache.”
A visit from Aunt Flo can give you a one-sided pounding in the head. You may also feel nauseous, cross into migraine territory, and be sensitive to bright lights and sounds.
Your menstrual cycle also affects your estrogen levels, which can give you bad hormonal headaches. The reason may be the decrease in estrogen that occurs before menstruation. Believe it or not, there are several different types of headaches (oh, joy).
Infographic: Different Types Of Headaches
Hormonal headaches also increase in women who already suffer from migraines. In fact, 60% of women who experience migraine symptoms also experience menstrual migraines (sorry, sis). Women with migraine usually experience headaches before or during their menstrual period.
If you’re lifting weights at the gym (or in the bedroom) and experiencing severe headaches on both sides of your head, you likely have a tension headache. Such a headache can be caused by vigorous physical activity, which creates a feeling of throbbing.
If you drink too much or too little caffeine, you’ll have a caffeine headache on your hands. When you cut out caffeine, you cut it out of your routine, which can change your brain chemistry and cause headaches.
On the other hand, small amounts of caffeine can be effective in treating headaches. It is also part of headache medications such as Excedrin.
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Severe, uncontrolled high blood pressure, often called malignant hypertension, can contribute to headaches, although high blood pressure is not a common cause of headaches.
Headaches caused by high blood pressure are very dangerous. If both sides of your head hurt and you have the following symptoms, this is a red flag to see a doctor as soon as possible:
Some medications used to treat high blood pressure can cause headaches as a side effect, but not because of their effect on blood pressure.
In rare cases, high blood pressure can cause bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain, which is a medical emergency. This can lead to seizures and loss of consciousness shortly after the headache begins.
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On the other hand, low blood pressure (also known as hypotension) caused by general problems like dehydration or even blood loss due to menstruation can cause headaches and dizziness.
These headaches sometimes occur after emotional trauma or head trauma—in fact, headaches are the most common complaint after a brain injury.
This headache is believed to be related to the release of specific chemicals. Both sides of your head will hurt (and you’ll also experience a tension headache or migraine). Sometimes, if the headache moves to the migraine area, only one side hurts.
You will usually feel a cluster headache behind or around your eyes. On the same side, it can spread to your forehead, neck, nose, temples, teeth and even your shoulders.
Throbbing Headache: Causes, Symptoms, And Effective Relief
Although the cause of cluster headaches is unknown, people are twice as likely to develop them.
Cluster headaches can be more severe than a migraine attack and can occur up to eight times a day during a cluster period (which can last from two weeks to three months or more).
They are also sneaky and can disappear for months or even years, only to reappear later. They like to come after two hours of sleep.
A sinus headache occurs when your sinus passages (around the eyes, cheeks, forehead, and nose) are blocked. This usually happens when you suffer from seasonal allergies or are sick.
Types Of Headaches: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, And More
You may experience a sinus headache in other headache areas as well, but it will be more noticeable in the sinus area near your eyes.
It’s easy to confuse sinus headaches with migraine attacks. In fact, according to the Mayo Clinic, 90 percent of people who see a doctor for a sinus headache actually know they have a migraine.
Migraines and sinus headaches are treated differently, so checking with your doctor is a good first step to find out which one you’re experiencing.
A sinus headache can also be a symptom of sinusitis, a persistent sinus condition. Call your doctor to narrow down what’s going on before starting treatment.
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A tension headache usually feels like a band is pressing on your head with pressure on your forehead. It is also common to experience tension headaches behind your eyes and near your neck. Fatigue, stress, and anxiety are the most common triggers of tension headaches.
For most people, tension headaches are intermittent, perhaps a few times a month, but for others they can be chronic.
According to the Cleveland Clinic, about 3 percent of U.S. O. O. residents suffer from chronic tension headaches. Women are twice as likely to suffer from chronic tension headaches as men.
Your ex isn’t the only one coming back. These dull, tension-like headaches can sometimes be as painful as migraine attacks. It is usually located in the front of the head, in the forehead area, but can also occur along the neck and temples.
Headaches And Migraines: Causes And Risk Factors
Rebound headaches are often caused by overuse of medications, usually over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers. Although you can take over-the-counter pain relievers to treat your headaches, taking too many of them can make your headaches worse.
If you feel pain in the upper part of your jaw and near the temple, it could be temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain.
The temporomandibular joint connects your lower jaw to the skull. If you have an injury to the jaw that affects the temporomandibular joint, or if you were born with a structural problem there, you may develop headaches due to muscle tension.
Your doctor can help you manage migraines. Treatment plans depend on several variables, such as your age, the type of migraine symptoms, the frequency and severity of your symptoms, and any other medications you may be taking.
Migraine To Cluster: Different Types Of Headaches And Their Causes
If you are suffering from a brain injury or any post-traumatic stress disorder that may be the underlying cause of your headaches, you should see your doctor. Your doctor and/or therapist can help you identify emotional triggers or suggest treatment plans to treat headaches related to brain injuries.
If you suffer from tension headaches, improve your posture and try to reduce eye strain (too much screen time?) to help relax the muscles around your neck and head.
Stay hydrated, eat a balanced diet and get plenty of sleep. Also, if you think they may be causing tension headaches, reduce (or even stop) your consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and cigarettes.
Relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga can also help reduce muscle tension. Of course, over-the-counter pain relievers can help you find relief in the meantime, and home migraine remedies like cold compresses can help.
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You may also be prescribed a muscle relaxant, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), or another drug such as indomethacin or naproxen.
Cluster headaches can be caused by factors such as lifestyle, weather or diet. Cutting out alcohol, cigarettes, or foods that contain nitrates (such as bacon, hot dogs, and deli meats) may help. You can also take over-the-counter pain relievers.
1. Stop or control the current attack with a high-dose oxygen mask (up to 20 minutes) or a prescription nasal spray such as sumatriptan to help relieve pain.
2. Prevent future attacks by using daily medications such as verapamil (a blood vessel relaxer), prednisone (an anti-inflammatory), or anti-seizure medications.
Sinus Headache: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments
If your sinus headache is caused by allergies, avoiding known allergens and adding some exercise may help. You can also try some tried and true home remedies for congestion, such as:
If home remedies are not enough, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines, mucolytics (which relieve mucus), or decongestants.
If you have complications from sinusitis caused by a bacterial infection, you probably won’t need antibiotics. But if your sinus headache is accompanied by severe sinus pain, call your doctor.
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