Constitution Of The United States – We, the people of the United States of America, do order to create a more perfect Union, to establish justice, to secure internal peace, to provide for the common defense, to guarantee the common welfare, to provide for ourselves and our posterity. Affirm this Constitution for the blessings of liberty and the United States of America.
All legislative powers herein vested in the Congress of the United States, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Constitution Of The United States
The House of Representatives consists of members elected every two years by the people of the several states, and the electors of each state are qualified in the same way as the electors of the larger branch of the state legislature.
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No person under twenty-five years of age, who has not been a citizen of the United States for seven years, and who is not a resident of the State at the time of election, shall be a Representative. he is elected. .
Representatives and direct contributions shall be distributed among the various states included in this Union, according to their respective numbers, according to the total number of free persons, including the years of service determined by the addition of the obligees. and three-fifths to all other persons except non-taxpaying Hindus. A valid entry shall be made within three years after the first session of the United States Congress, and during each subsequent period of ten years provided by law. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand persons, but each state shall have at least one representative; and until such registration is made New Hampshire three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland one. six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five and Georgia three.
Whenever vacancies occur in any state office, its Executive Branch issues ballots to fill said vacancies.
The House of Representatives elects its chairman and other officials; and will have a special power to argue.
Constitution Of The United States
The Senate of the United States consists of two senators from each state, elected by the legislature for six years; and each senator has one vote.
They are divided into three classes immediately after the first election. The seats of senators of the first class shall be vacant at the end of the second year, of senators of the second class at the end of the fourth year, of senators of the third class at the end of the sixth year, so that one-third shall be elected every two years; and if vacancies occur by resignation or otherwise during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the executive thereof shall make temporary appointments until the next session of the Legislature, which may be enlarged, and then fill such vacancies.
No person under thirty years of age, who has not been a citizen of the United States for nine years, shall be a senator, and shall, at the time of his election, be a resident of the state from which he is elected.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall not vote in the event of a tie.
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The Senate elects its other officers, as well as the President pro tempore in the absence of the Vice President or during the Vice President’s tenure as President of the United States.
The Senate has exclusive jurisdiction over all impeachments. When sitting for this purpose, they swear or affirm. When the President of the United States is on trial, the Supreme Court presides: and no one shall be tried without the concurrence of two-thirds of those present.
A sentence in cases of impeachment consists only in deprivation and removal from office of having and enjoying any honor, trust, or profit in the United States; but the convicted party is responsible and must be charged, tried, and sentenced. and punishment according to law.
The time, place, and manner of holding the election of senators and representatives shall be fixed by the legislature of each state; but Congress may at any time by law make or amend said Rule, except as regards senatorial elections.
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Congress shall meet at least once a year, and such meeting shall be held on the first Monday in December, unless another day is fixed by law.
Each House shall be the arbiter of the election, results, and qualifications of its members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business; but a lesser person may adjourn the session from one day to the next, and compel absent members to attend, in such manner and under such sanctions as each House may determine.
Each House may establish its own rules of procedure, punish its members for misconduct, and expel members by a two-thirds vote.
Each Chamber shall keep and publish periodically a journal of its proceedings, except for those parts of its judgments which require confidentiality; and the Yeas and Nays of the members of each house upon any question shall be recorded in the journal at the pleasure of one-fifth of those present.
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During the session of Congress, neither House may adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other, or move to any place other than the two Houses.
Senators and representatives shall receive compensation for their statutory services and shall be paid by the United States Treasury. In all cases except for treason, felony, and disorderly conduct, they shall be entitled to arrest during their attendance at the sittings of their respective chambers, and in going to and from them; They are not asked elsewhere to speak or debate in each chamber.
No senator or representative shall, during the time of his election, be appointed to any civil office created by the authority of the United States, or to which the titles shall be increased during the time; and no person holding any office under the United States shall, during his continuance, be a member of either house.
All revenue-raising bills are passed in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or accept amendments like any other bill.
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Every bill passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate shall be submitted to the President of the United States before it becomes law; If he approves, he signs it, and if not, he returns it with his objections to the chamber from which it originated, which usually registers the objections in its journal and examines them. If, after such revision, two-thirds of this House agree to approve the bill, it shall be sent with the Objections to the other House, which shall also reconsider it, and if two-thirds of the said House shall approve, it shall be sent to the other House with the Objections. It becomes law. But in all these cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined as yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered in the journal of each House respectively. If a bill is not returned within ten days (except Sundays) after its introduction by the President, it remains a law as if signed into law, unless Congress adjourned it. its return, in which case it will not be the law.
Every order, resolution, or vote requiring the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives (except adjournments) shall be submitted to the President of the United States; and until such time as it shall take effect, it shall be approved by him, or, failing his approval, shall be re-enacted by a two-thirds vote of the Senate and House of Representatives, subject to such rules and restrictions as may be prescribed. on the invoice.
Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay debts, and to provide for the general defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
Establish uniform civil rules and uniform bankruptcy laws in the United States;
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Performs money emission, regulates the value of money and foreign currency, establishes standards of weights and measures;
Promote the development of science and useful arts by giving limited time to authors and inventors.
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