3 Main Causes Of Global Warming – Climate change refers to changes in the climate caused directly or indirectly by human activities over the past 100 years. Basically, climate change refers to changes in long-term weather patterns. Climate change is usually measured by changes in temperature, precipitation, and wind patterns. Global temperatures have increased by 0.7 degrees Celsius since the industrial age. The increase in temperature is due to the increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Climate variability has been a constant phenomenon on Earth. Scientists have collected different evidences and proposed different theories about climate change. They believe there is a high risk of irreversible environmental catastrophe beyond a 2°C global temperature increase.

3 Main Causes Of Global Warming

3 Main Causes Of Global Warming

In the last 100 years, the global temperature has increased like never before. 2018 was the hottest year on earth. Global warming can be natural or man-made. Below are the most important pieces of evidence for global warming.

Climate Change Impacts

Methane – Wetlands are the largest source of methane emissions. Domestic animals produce large amounts of methane during digestion. Agriculture is a major source of methane emissions.

Nitrous Oxide – It occurs naturally in the atmosphere. Because it is part of the nitrogen cycle. Fertilizers release large amounts of nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. Transportation fuels also emit nitrogen oxides.

Fluorinated Gases – These gases are produced by various industrial processes. For example, aluminum and semiconductor production. These gases are of three types:

Aerosol – called black carbon. They contribute to climate warming. The main sources of black carbon are as follows

Global Warming / Climate Change Frequently Asked Questions (faq)

India is the world’s fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases. But it had little impact on total emissions. According to the Global Carbon Project, Europe and the United States are responsible for half of the carbon dioxide emissions since 1750.

The 197 countries that signed the Paris Agreement (2015) have pledged to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. For example, India promised to reduce its emission intensity by 33%-35% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, while the United States, the second largest contributor to global emissions, has rejected this agreement.

According to one estimate, 68 percent of India’s global greenhouse gas emissions come from power generation dependent on coal-fired power plants. India’s electricity demand is expected to triple by 2030, with coal accounting for 57 percent of electricity generation.

3 Main Causes Of Global Warming

Excessive use of fertilizers accounts for a large proportion of direct emissions from agriculture. Electricity and fertilizer subsidies encourage farmers to plant water-intensive crops. For example, rice if their land is not suitable. For example, Punjab and Haryana. India’s agricultural policies exacerbate water scarcity and encourage crop and grass burning. India is doing little to mitigate climate change related to agriculture. High subsidies encourage monoculture and degraded land use.

Global Warming: Global Warming Facts, Causes, And Effects

In short, enough attention should be paid to educate people about climate change. Changing people’s behavior is critical to reducing the negative impacts of climate change. The term “global warming” refers to global warming caused by long-term increases in the average surface temperature of our planet’s air and seas.

These temperatures have increased rapidly by 0.14°F (0.08°C) per decade since 1880 and by 0.32°F (0.18°C) per decade since 1981. In fact, they were said to be the hottest years on record. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 2016, 2020, and 2019.

Global average temperatures are currently 0.98°C (1.76°F) warmer than pre-industrial levels, and could reach 2.7°C (4.9°F) by the end of the century, indicating further global warming. individuals and industries work to reduce their carbon footprint and limit global warming.

Although there are natural causes of global warming, such as volcanic eruptions and changes in solar activity, 97% of scientists agree that natural causes cannot explain the statistics. Research has clearly shown that human activity has accelerated global warming since the Industrial Revolution. Global warming is generally believed to have started in the 1830s. But why?

How Do We Know Humans Are Causing Global Warming?

The main cause of global warming is greenhouse gas emissions, which cause the Earth’s atmosphere to absorb radiation and trap heat, creating the greenhouse effect. These gases mainly consist of carbon dioxide (72%), methane (19%), and nitrous oxide (6%). )

Carbon dioxide comes from the burning of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) that are typically used in activities such as transportation, heating, manufacturing, and power generation.

Additionally, deforestation means fewer trees to absorb excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere used for photosynthesis. Therefore, deforestation contributes to global warming by reducing the absorption of carbon dioxide emissions.

3 Main Causes Of Global Warming

Methane gas comes from oil and natural gas extraction, coal mining, organic waste landfills, and livestock farming. Although methane is more harmful to the environment than carbon dioxide, it has a shorter lifetime in the atmosphere (12-15 years compared to 300-1000 years).

Why Is Global Warming Above 1.5 °c A Problem? [1/3]

Nitrogen oxides mainly come from the agricultural sector, especially animal waste and fertilizers. It is 300 times more toxic than carbon monoxide and remains in the atmosphere for 114 years.

Global warming increases the global average temperature, has a huge impact on the climate system and directly affects ecosystems.

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), absolute sea level rose on average 0.06 inches (1.15 mm) per year from 1880 to 2013, but “since 1993, average sea level has risen by 0.12 to 0.14 inches per year. – Twice as fast as the trend in the long run.”

That’s because because of warmer temperatures on Earth, glaciers, especially in Greenland and West Antarctica, are already melting, and the water is expanding slightly as it warms.

Deforestation: A Cause Of Global Warming That Goes Unnoticed

Already, sea-level rise is contaminating groundwater in some low-lying areas, making farming difficult or impossible, and this will only increase as water levels rise. Sea level rise can increase the risk of flooding and have serious impacts on coastal cities and communities in the United States. The Gulf Coast and the most populous cities such as Tokyo and New York.

Permafrost, the surface layer of soil, remains below freezing year-round and is at risk of melting due to global warming. Many villages in Russia, Canada, Greenland and northern Alaska were built on it. People in these areas have already lost their homes and infrastructure due to the loss of permafrost. Permafrost contains toxic mercury and ancient pathogens that are released into the environment as the ice melts.

Finally, permafrost contains organic carbon, which turns into carbon dioxide and methane, two greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.

3 Main Causes Of Global Warming

The ocean absorbs excess heat stored in the atmosphere by greenhouse gas emissions. In this way, they reduce some of the effects of global warming by increasing sea temperatures, which seriously damage marine ecosystems. The ocean absorbs a third of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, making it more acidic.

Global Warming’s Six Americas, September 2021

For example, changes in sea surface temperatures are already stressing coral reefs, leading to widespread bleaching and death. In response to this stress, corals produce symbiotic algae that live inside coral polyps, causing coral bleaching. Corals need algae to photosynthesize and obtain energy and nutrients. In their absence, they become weak and vulnerable to disease and starvation.

Coral reefs are important because they support the growth of many marine species, including sea turtles, starfish, crabs, and shrimp, and provide food for other marine animals, seabirds, and humans.

Coral reefs act as natural marine barriers that reduce the impact of waves on the beach. Without them, coastal cities are at risk of flooding from storm surges.

Another example is the effect on species that require certain water temperatures to thrive. For example, the most common tuna species, such as albacore and yellowfin tuna, prefer water temperatures between 20 and 30 °C (60 and 86 °F). As ocean temperatures rise, fewer of these tuna will remain and those that remain will migrate eastward, affecting the livelihoods of people who depend on ocean fisheries.

Greenhouse Gases’ Effect On Climate

Rising sea temperatures are affecting the melting of the Earth’s polar ice caps, which is having all sorts of effects on marine ecosystems.

Global warming is not the same as climate change. In fact, this is the cause of climate change.

As soil moisture decreases due to global warming, hot weather becomes more intense and lasts longer. It causes severe water shortages, droughts, withering of vegetation, forest fires, and adverse effects on flora and fauna.

3 Main Causes Of Global Warming

Heat waves increase the risk of heat stroke, which is harmful to human health. It reduces economic productivity and leads to shortages of water and electricity. These lead to droughts, which last longer and cause water shortages and crop failures (affecting food supplies).

Effects Of Climate Change On The Water Cycle

Based on modeling

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